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Title I Information

The Basics 

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Title I, the cornerstone of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), previously known as No Child Left Behind (NCLB), is the largest federal education program.  About half of North Carolina’s traditional and charter public schools are Title I schools and all 115 of the state’s school districts receive Title I funding. 

Title I began with the passage of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) of 1965, which provided federal funding for high-poverty schools to help students who are behind academically and at risk of falling behind.  Services can include hiring teachers to reduce class size, tutoring, purchasing of instructional equipment, materials and supplies, parental involvement activities, professional development, pre-kindergarten programs, and hiring teacher assistants and others.

Funding supports Title I School-wide Programs and Targeted Assistance Programs, depending on the level of students that receive free and reduced-price lunch in the school and how the school wants to function.  School-wide programs are in schools that have at least 75% poverty level, based on the number of children receiving free or reduced-price lunch.  These schools have also gone through a one-year planning process.   School-wide programs have flexibility in using their Title I funds, in conjunction with other funds in the school, to upgrade the operation of the entire school.  School-wide programs must conduct a comprehensive needs assessment, identify and commit to specific goals and strategies that address those needs, create a comprehensive plan, and conduct an annual review of the effectiveness of the school-wide program that is revised as needed.  

School-wide programs:

  • plan for comprehensive, long-term improvement
  • serve all students with highly qualified teachers and paraprofessionals
  • provide continuous learning for staff, parents, and the community
  • use research-based practices to develop and implement enriched instruction for all students
  • use inclusive approaches to strengthen the school’s organizational structure
  • consolidate resources to achieve program goals
  • engage in continuous self-assessment and improvement

Targeted Assistance Programs use Title I funds to focus on helping eligible students identified as having the greatest educational need.  They use multiple criteria to target these students.  School staff determines which services and activities will be provided to which student.  Funding is limited to eligible (targeted) students and the teachers who work with them.  In addition, professional development and parental involvement activities are provided to the staff and families of targeted students.  Non-targeted students are not eligible to receive services in a Targeted Assistance Program. 

Each of the ten elementary schools in Rutherford County receives Title I funding to support their school-wide programs. 

Components of a Title I School

  1. All Title I schools must complete a comprehensive needs assessment that drives all aspects of school operations.
  2. School reform strategies must be implemented to address the identified needs.
  3. All instructional staff, including paraprofessionals, must be highly qualified according to the criteria set by NCLB.
  4. There must be high quality and ongoing professional development for staff to address the needs of the school.
  5. There must be strategies in place to recruit highly qualified teachers and place them in areas of greatest needs of the school.
  6. Parent involvement is a critical and integral part of day-to-day operations in a Title I school.
  7. Strategies are in place to aid in the transitions between academic grade levels, as well as school levels, i.e., pre-school to kindergarten, elementary to middle school, and middle school to high school.
  8. Teachers are actively involved in the use of assessments and instructional decisions are driven by data analysis.
  9. Title I schools develop specific instructional activities for students identified with the greatest needs.
  10. Title I schools coordinate and integrate resources and services from federal, state, and local sources.

Below are several documents that will help you understand NCLB and AYP:

            AYP Fact Sheet        
            AYP - A Detailed Look
            AYP - Questions Parents Often Ask           
            Title I School Improvement Timetable

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